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Competition Policy and Antitrust

Competition policy uses economic analysis to enhance our understanding of how firm behavior affects social welfare. Scholars featured on this site consider how technology markets function, and the special issues raised by networks, platforms, interoperability, and bundling by firms like Google, Apple, and Microsoft.

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Quotes

What Years of Emails and Texts Reveal About Your Friendly Tech Companies

The antitrust subcommittee that held last week’s hearings may be helping shake the law out of a long slumber, but the hearings will be little more than Kabuki theater unless legal complaints are filed and anticompetitive mergers are stopped. — Tim Wu, Professor of Law, Columbia University


Tim Wu
Source: The New York Times
August 4, 2020

Big Tech’s ‘Buy and Kill’ Tactics Come Under Scrutiny

In this Financial Times article, Stanford Professor of Law Mark Lemley weighs in on the FTC's request to the five largest U.S. technology companies to provide information about prior acquisitions.
Mark Lemley
Source: Financial Times
February 13, 2020

FTC Turns Up Heat with Justice Department in Dueling Tech Probes

"It is a remarkably hostile gesture by the Department of Justice to do this," — William Kovacic, Professor of Law, George Washington University Law School


William E. Kovacic
Source: Bloomberg
February 13, 2020

FTC Will Review Past Mergers by Facebook, Google and Other Big Tech Companies

"The acquisition practices of the leading tech companies long have been the subject of tremendous scrutiny, and this will be an opportunity to assemble the best body of data on how many of these deals took place and what their competitive significance was." — William Kovacic, Professor of Law, George Washington University


William E. Kovacic
Source: The Washington Post
February 11, 2020

T-Mobile-Sprint Merger Wins Approval from U.S. Judge

"If this merger is not anticompetitive, even with the remedies agreed to, it is hard to know what is." — Eleanor Fox, Professor of Law, New York University


Eleanor Fox
Source: Reuters
February 10, 2020

Justice Department Announces Broad Antitrust Review of Big Tech

"It looks like the antitrust winter is over." — Tim Wu, Professor of Law, Columbia University


Tim Wu
Source: The Washington Post
July 23, 2019

Is ‘Big Tech’ Too Big? A Look at Growing Antitrust Scrutiny

The article reports on investigations at the U.S. Justice Department and the Federal Trade Commission over “aggressive business practices” at Google, Facebook, Amazon and Apple. Additionally, the report includes a look into the House Judiciary Committee’s antitrust probe. New York University antitrust law professor Eleanor Fox is quoted.


Eleanor Fox
Source: The Washington Post
June 4, 2019

EU and US Still Searching for Way to Curb Tech Giants

US regulators have "taken a curious turn toward trying to help Google and other massive digital platforms to consolidate market power, rather than policing them." — Frank Pasquale, Professor of Law, University of Maryland


Frank Pasquale
Source: Independent
March 14, 2019

Europe Is Beginning to Break Up Facebook's Business

"In many ways, they are internally breaking up Facebook by limiting how they do business, how the different services interact. It's not a breakup, but it is certainly ramping up the pressure. The Commission doesn't have the power itself to go after Facebook on privacy grounds, but it has plenty of powers under competition law." — Anu Bradford, Professor of Law, Columbia University


Anu Bradford
Source: CNN
February 8, 2019

Big Tech Is Way Too Big

"There's been a profound change in the tech economy, and I think one that's very dangerous for the United States' economy. Right now, what we're seeing is a lack of innovation. A lack of starts. That's why I think it's important to have a shake-up of the industry every so often." — Tim Wu, Professor of Law, Columbia University


Tim Wu
Source: CNN
December 17, 2018
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TAP Blog

Carl Shapiro Critiques the FTC’s Withdrawal of 2020 Vertical Merger Guidelines

UC Berkeley economics professor Carl Shapiro argues that the Federal Trade Commission’s withdrawal of its 2020 Vertical Merger Guidelines relies on specious economic arguments regarding elimination of double marginalization.

TAP Staff Blogger

Fact Sheets

Global Antitrust (Competition)

The laws that set the ground rules prohibiting firms from engaging in anti-competitive practices are usually called “antitrust laws” in the United States, and “competition laws” in Europe and other regions. These laws differ among nations, and each country enforces its laws independently.

Featured Article

Understanding Online Markets and Antitrust Analysis

This paper considers the application of traditional antitrust analysis to online markets. This paper identifies several ways in which online markets differ from regular markets. Most online markets are multi-sided, and entry barriers are low.

By: Daniel Sokol, Jingyuan Ma