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Innovation and Economic Growth

Researchers today are trying to understand how information technology affects innovation, productivity, and economic growth while studying the impact of political and legal ground rules. Academics featured here are looking at the potential to create jobs and keep policymakers aware of emerging trends in technology.

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Quotes

A Super-surveillance Society and Its Impact on Democracy

No country with too strong or too weak state power can generate economic growth. — Daron Acemoglu, Professor of Economics, MIT
Daron Acemoglu
Source: The Japan Times
September 6, 2020

Why the Future of Work Might Be ‘Hybrid’

Once the pandemic subsides, working from home two days a week will be optimal for balancing collaborative and quiet work, while benefitting from the reduced stress of less commuting. Companies that want to retain their own space consider moving from tall buildings to spread-out industrial parks or campuses to facilitate social distancing. — Nicholas Bloom, Professor of Economics, Stanford University
Nicholas Bloom
Source: BBC News
August 30, 2020

Working from Home Raises Questions About U.S. Inequality: Fed Panel

“Working from home really risks a big increase in inequality.” — Nicholas Bloom, Professor of Economics, Stanford University
Nicholas Bloom
Source: Reuters
August 20, 2020

Why Organizations Might Want to Design and Train Less-Than-Perfect AI

“There may be times when—even if the AI can make a better decision than the human—you might still want to let humans be in charge because that motivates them to pay attention.” — Susan Athey, Professor of Economics, Stanford University
Susan Athey
Source: Fast Company
August 5, 2020

Why Silicon Valley’s Biggest Companies Are Investing Billions in India

“Much as it pains me to say it, the US isn't nearly as attractive a place for innovation as it was five years ago,” — Mark Lemley, Director of the Stanford Program in Law, Science and Technology, Stanford University
Mark Lemley
Source: CNN Business
July 17, 2020

End of the Office: The Quiet, Grinding Loneliness of Working from Home

“Working from home might boost productivity for a while, “but it’s so costly in terms of creativity and inspiration.” — Nick Bloom, Professor of Economics, Stanford University
Nicholas Bloom
Source: The Guardian
July 14, 2020

What We Owe Essential Workers

“When technology makes labor critical to the production process, workers’ bargaining power will necessarily increase.” — Daron Acemoglu, Professor of Economocs, MIT
Daron Acemoglu
Source: Project Syndicate
July 6, 2020

Pandemic Stress-tests Platform Power

“Platforms such as Uber, Airbnb, and Eventbrite saw demand evaporate, and they could not easily pivot. Their transportation, hospitality, and conference services required too much human contact to endure social distancing and shelter-in-place mandates.” — Geoffrey Parker, Professor of Engineering, Dartmouth College, and Marshall Van Alstyne, Professor of Information Systems & Management, Boston University
Geoffrey Parker
Source: Medium
July 1, 2020

Downturns Tend to Reduce Gender Inequality. Not Under Covid-19

“Industries involving face-to-face interaction, such as hospitality, have suffered most. In America health care and education have not been spared, with five times as many women losing their jobs as men.”
 — Nicholas Bloom, William Eberle Professor of Economics, Stanford University
Nicholas Bloom
Source: The Economist
June 15, 2020

Many Jobs May Vanish Forever as Layoffs Mount

“I hate to say it, but this is going to take longer and look grimmer than we thought.”
— Nicholas Bloom, Professor of Economics, Stanford University
Nicholas Bloom
Source: The New York Times
May 21, 2020
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TAP Blog

Facial Recognition for Authorisation Purposes

In this third of six reports from the Mapping the Use of Facial Recognition in Public Spaces in Europe (MAPFRE) project, Professor Theodore Christakis, Université Grenoble Alpes, and his colleagues provide the first ever detailed analysis of what is the most widespread way in which facial recognition is used in public and private spaces: to authorize access to a place or to a service.

Théodore Christakis and Karine Bannelier, Claude Castelluccia, and Daniel Le Métayer

Fact Sheets

Innovation

Innovation is a word used to describe new ideas and inventions that have impact – impact to consumers, to markets, to industries, to the economy as a whole, and even to society and culture.

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Featured Article

Algorithmic Impact Assessments under the GDPR: Producing Multi-layered Explanations

The European Union's General Data Protection Direction (GDPR) addresses concerns with automated decision-making. Impact assessments support both individual privacy rights and oversight of the entire system.

By: Margot Kaminski, Gianclaudio Malgieri