All Article Summaries
These article summaries are written by TAP staff members. TAP’s purpose for this section of the site is to present information, points of view, research, and debates.
How Will Language Modelers like ChatGPT Affect Occupations and Industries
A method that assesses which occupations will be most affected by artificial intelligence (AI) predicts that advances such as ChatGPT will have significant effects in education and financial services.
Invention Value, Inventive Capability and the Large Firm Advantage
Large firms have an advantage in innovation. A new model shows that large firms are better at commercializing new inventions. The advantage is less in sectors where innovators can easily license technologies to other firms.
Data Driven: Truckers, Technology, and the New Workplace Surveillance
Digital enforcement of rules intended to combat truck driver fatigue erodes drivers’ autonomy without reducing accidents. Truckers are paid by the mile, creating incentives for overwork.
Assuming Good Faith Online
Many online service providers assume that users act in good faith in posting content online. As the online population grows and bad actors multiply, this assumption is hard to sustain.
From Prediction to Transformation
Artificial intelligence (AI) systems improve the quality of business decisions. Early applications of AI are not transformative. However, AI can transform business processes entirely by changing patterns of decision-making.
Proactive Moderation of Online Discussions: Existing Practices and the Potential for Algorithmic Support
Human moderators may intervene to stop users from posting offensive content, but proactive intervention is labor intensive. Algorithmic tools help moderators identify problematic conversations on a large scale.
Automation and the Workforce: A Firm-Level View from the 2019 Annual Business Survey
A survey of thousands of firms helps economists understand the spread of advanced technologies such as robotics. Advanced technologies are often used for automation, and generally improves productivity.
Misreading Campbell: Lessons for Warhol
Rereading the case in which the Supreme Court first recognized transformative fair use could help the Supreme Court resolve tension between derivative rights and transformative fair use in Andy Warhol Foundation v. Goldsmith.
Allocating Responsibility in Content Moderation: A Functional Framework
Observers have criticized the fairness of private-sector platforms’ content moderation policies. In response, some platforms developed processes that mimic public institutions.
Sequential Uses of Copyrighted Materials: Transforming the Transformative Use Doctrine in Andy Warhol Foundation v. Lynn Goldsmith
The case of Andy Warhol Foundation v. Lynn Goldsmith arose when one artist’s copyrighted work was used to create a second artist’s work. The key factor is the effect of the alleged infringement on the value of the first work.