All Article Summaries
These article summaries are written by TAP staff members. TAP’s purpose for this section of the site is to present information, points of view, research, and debates.
European Digital Sovereignty”: Successfully Navigating Between the “Brussels Effect” and Europe’s Quest for Strategic Autonomy
“European digital sovereignty” encompasses regulatory and strategic concerns. The European Union (EU) is the most powerful global actor in digital regulation, though its power is not unlimited.
National Security, Surveillance and Human Rights
The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) often decides cases involving a conflict between human rights and surveillance systems intended to protect national security. Surveillance must be necessary and lawful.
Transfer of EU Personal Data to U.S. Law Enforcement Authorities After the CLOUD Act: Is There a Conflict with the GDPR?
United States’ law requires firms to turn electronic evidence over to law enforcement even when the data is stored in another country. The law may conflict with European privacy law, which limits data transfers to foreign governments.
Cyber-Attacks–Prevention-Reactions: The Role of States and Private Actors
Cyber-attacks are a growing threat to peace and security. Private actors play a leading role in ensuring that digital technologies are secure from cyber-attacks.