Immigration, Jobs and Employment Protection: Evidence from Europe

Article Source: NBER Working Paper No. w17139, June 2011
Publication Date:
Time to Read: 1 minute read
Written By:

 Francesco D'Amuri

Francesco D'Amuri

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Analyzes how immigration affected employment, job creation and native occupations in Europe from 1998-2006.


Policy Relevance:

More flexible labor laws are associated to more job creation and more intense upgrading of jobs by natives in response to immigrants.


Key Takeaways:
  • This paper analyzes how immigration has affected occupation and employment of European workers.
  • There is no evidence that immigration in European countries over the period 1998-2006 reduced employment of native workers.
  • Significant evidence shows that immigrants took "simple" (manual-routine) type of occupations and natives moved, in response, toward more "complex" (abstract-communication) jobs.
  • Immigration stimulated job creation, and the complexity of jobs offered to new native hires was higher relative to the complexity of destructed native jobs.
  • The occupation reallocation of natives was significantly larger in countries with more flexible labor laws. This tendency was particularly strong for less educated workers.



Giovanni Peri

About Giovanni Peri

Giovanni Peri is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Davis. Additionally, he is a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the founding director of the UC Davis Global Migration Center, an interdisciplinary research group focusing on international migrations. His research focuses on the impact of international migrations on labor markets and productivity of the receiving countries and on the determinants of international migrations.